The lexicon by Transpare

Routing
Operation to bring a railway vehicle, several cars (lot) or a train (locomotive + wagons) from point A to a destination point. There are two main modes of freight forwarding: whole train or in an isolated car (subdivision).

Chartering
The charterer is the intermediary between his customers and the carriers. He looks for the best means of transport (cost, time, journey) for his client.

Stall
Action to prevent the movement of goods during the transport phase.

Transhipment
site Specialized yards designed for the transfer of Intermodal Transport Units (moving box or container) from one mode of transport to another (rail / road).

Payload
Load equal to the vehicle's GVW less its curb weight.

Loader
It can be the owner of the goods, the importer, the exporter or the forwarding agent.

CMR
International Land Transport Documents.

Customs
broker Professional performing on behalf of the consignor or consignee of the goods, the operations of compliance with the latter vis-à-vis the customs regulations of the country in which it will be in transit or at destination.

Freight Forwarder
The forwarding agent is an intermediary who organizes, in his own name but on behalf of a shipper, a transport of goods (shipping, receiving and storage) for a price agreed with the shipper. The commissionaire freely chooses the carriers or the other intermediaries that he will use to accomplish his mission and deals with them on his own behalf.

Bill of Lading (B/L)
A bill of lading (BL or BoL) is a legal document issued by a carrier to a shipper that details the type, quantity, and destination of the goods being carried..

Security Advisor
Person responsible for the safety and transport conditions of dangerous substances subject to ADR for all companies that load, unload, transport or handle hazardous materials or products, registered with the CIFMD and declared in the prefecture, the adviser may be a salaried employee. company or external.

Cargo Corridor
Set of trenches built by mutual agreement by infrastructure managers, allowing a continuous cross-border movement of freight trains on an international axis.

Cubage
Size of a shipment such as: Length X Width X Height = Cubing.

Disbursements
Expenses advanced by the sender or the transport on behalf of a third party, during a transport.

Unloading
Unloading operation of the vehicle.

Freight Service All
collection and distribution operations carried out between the marshalling yard and the terminal station.

Terminal Service
Operation for transporting a towed railway vehicle between a railway station and the station in charge of the service or vice versa.

Commissionaire's right of retention
The commissionaire's privilege enables him to exercise a right of retention over the goods and documents he has been given, to sell them and to be paid by preference. All claims due to the commissionaire, not only those relating to the goods retained but also those resulting from previous transactions, are guaranteed by the privilege.

Carrier's Right of Retention
From now on, the carrier may exercise his right of retention for any unpaid transport claim of his originator, the sender or the consignee, even if it was born during previous transports.

Signed-off Document
Delivery is in the hands of the person designated as the recipient of the transport document. As soon as this person has taken possession of the consignment, it gives discharge to the carrier by signing the transport document.

Delivery Preventing Delivery
is prevented whenever the shipment to the intended delivery location can not be delivered to the designated consignee.

Potting
Loading a Fercam container

Iron + truck: road logistics service consisting of a pick-up and / or delivery to the home and constituting an operation ancillary to the main transport.

Ferrous
transport Transportation of goods in which the vehicle (or even simply the moving body) is transported by rail over most of its journey.

Filming
Thermo shrink plastic film for protection and cohesion of the handling load. Traffic

Flow
Freight traffic between 2 economic zones defined by an origin and a destination.

Freight
Merchandise being transported.

Freight Station
Station open to all or part of the freight service.

Gerber - Stacking
Action of stacking or superimposing packages.

Grouping
Action consisting of grouping shipments of goods, for example grouping isolated packages in a container, unlike unbundling.

Hub
Transhipment place where correspondences are organized.

Incoterm
Incoterms are the selling terms that the buyer and seller of goods both agree to during international transactions and they clearly state which tasks, costs and risks are associated with the buyer and the seller.

Spur Terminal Installation
Assembly that includes the particular spur and equipment used in the undertaking for the execution of rail transport.

Intercontainer
International Society for the Development of Combined Transport and Controlled Temperature Transport.

Leave Behind
The consignment whose consignee refused to take delivery for any reason whatsoever and which is left at the disposal of the carrier by the payer, who analyzes it in total loss.

International Bill of Lading (LVI)
In international traffic, operational sheets allowing the passage from one country to another and materializing the convention passed between the contractors (CF contract of carriage).

Logistics
Activity whose purpose is to manage the physical flow of goods.

Lot
Sending more than 3t per destination.

AWB
Air Waybill.

Missing
As opposed to a total loss, it constitutes a missing any parcel in less compared to the writings of the corresponding sending, that this parcel is lost or misdirected. A missing is an anomaly that can then turn into litigation.

Handling
Operation of preparation of goods, loading or unloading of a vehicle.

Bulk
It refers to material in either liquid or granular, particulate form, as a mass of relatively small solids, such as petroleum/crude oil, grain, coal, or gravel. Bulk cargo is classified as liquid or dry.

General
goods Common goods not governed by a specific standard contract.

Heavy goods
Goods of high density and low value.

Dangerous goods
Matters that are likely, by their nature, to endanger the safety of persons and property and / or to harm the environment. They are the subject of international and national and specific regulations.

Indivisible Mass
An object which can not, for its transport, be divided into several constituent elements, and of a weight or bulk such that its displacement effected by means of special vehicles must be subjected to procedures.

Hazardous
substances Substances which, by their physical or chemical properties or by the nature of the reactions which they are likely to put into practice, present a risk for man or his environment.

Multimodal
Use of several different modes of transport.

Weighing Operations
If one of the parties to the contract requests the weighing of the consignment, this operation must be carried out at once at the place of loading or unloading. If the displacement of the vehicle is necessary, its cost as well as that of the weighing operation will be borne by the applicant.

Pallet
Handling rack for grouping parcels.

Loading plan
A set of operations consisting of judiciously positioning loads in a road vehicle. In the case of a complete container the loader deals with the loading plan. In the case of groupage it is the freight forwarder who is in charge.

Transport Plan
All arrangements for organizing the routes.

Empty weight
Weight of unladen vehicle.

Gross weight
Weight + tare.

Net weight
Weight of the goods only.

Node
Triage dedicated, in whole or in part, to an international offer and equipped with a management structure to ensure the reliability and development of this offer.

Port Due
Method of payment setting the price of the transport at the expense of the recipient.

Postage Paid
Method of payment setting the price of the carriage at the expense of the sender.

Supports
Acceptance of goods by the carrier marking the start of execution of the contract of carriage. The support should not be confused with the loading of the goods which does not mean acceptance of the goods.

Security Protocol
Mandatory, it is written by both parties, To prevent the risks related to the interference between the activities, the facilities, the equipment of the host company and the operation of loading and unloading the transport company.

Pickup
Action to collect the shipment (s) from the shipper.

Volume Weight Ratio
This is a ratio between the weight of shipments and their volume. It has been 1 to 6 since 1981.

Register of Freight Forwarders
Register maintained by the regional prefect and governing access to the regulated profession of freight forwarder.

Carrier Register
Register maintained by the regional prefect and governing access to the regulated profession of public carrier.

Reserved for Delivery
These must be written on the transport document in the event of anomalies found during the delivery or the picking up of the goods. Reservations must be accurate and reasoned and must be confirmed within three days by the RAR letter to the carrier. On delivery, reservations are made by the recipient. In the absence of these and their confirmation in writing the contract of carriage will be deemed fulfilled.

RID
Regulations concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail.

Breakage of Charge
Action of a transported good that is transferred from one mode of transport or storage to another.

Claimed
damage to the goods during the transport phase.

Subcontracting
Carriage of goods by one carrier on behalf of another carrier (the originator).

Tare
Tare is the curb weight, or unladen mass, of a vehicle from a handling support or an intermodal transport unit.

TDG
Transport of dangerous goods.

Kilometer
Km Ratio of report tonnage transported mileage traveled.

Transfer of Responsibility
This takes place when the goods are taken over by one of the contractors.

Transit
Situation where goods only cross a county without paying custom duties.

Customs Transit
The customs transit procedure applies to goods that must be transported under customs control ("in-bond" or "in-bond" movement).

Customs Export Transit
This system guarantees commitments to which export-related effects are subject (VAT exemption, payment of refunds).

Customs Transit on Importation
Goods carried under this regime benefit from the suspension of duties, taxes and other measures which are normally applicable to them from the point of entry into the Union to the place where they are formalized customs.

Forwarding Agent
Agent or forwarding agents in the intermediate case organizes the transport operations (sea, land or air) and on behalf of the shipper in whose name he carries out these transport operations.

Combined
transport Transport is combined when the movement of goods requires the use of several modes of transport, according to different legal regimes. For example, pre-routing by truck and then transport by train.

Transport Approach
Transport carries out from or to a port or airport.

Intermodal Transport
Carriage of goods in the same specialized container by at least two modes of transport, without transhipment of the goods themselves.

Multimodal Transport
Transport operation involving at least two different modes of transport.

For-Hire
transportation Carriage of goods for remuneration on behalf of a third party.

Own-Account Transport
Transport of own goods using owned or leased vehicles. Own-account transport is not subject to registration or authorization unless it is performed with a long-term rental vehicle.

Carrier
Natural or legal person registered in the register of carriers of their DRE who carries out transport, namely to forward a shipment from one point to another, also called valet, he owns his own fleet of vehicle, and can not realize limited subcontracting operations.

Unimodal
One mode of transport for the entire operation.

Business Unit (UA)
Commercial Service Freight.

UTI
Intermodal transport units: containers, swap bodies and semi-trailers.

Value to be Insured
Actual value of the goods.

Value to be Declared
Amount indicates per customer on the transport document which at his express request wishes to benefit from AD VALOREM insurance for his shipment.

Ad Valorem
Refers to a tax or custom duty that reaches a property in proportion to its value.
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